Typically used in offices and commercial type buildings. This type of system is also called sometimes Packaged Rooftop System or RTU (Rooftop Unit) or System 5 (per ASHRAE 90.1 HVAC mapping).
System typically have mixing plenum with outside, return and bypass air dampers, air filters, DX coil, heating coil (gas, hot-water or electric), variable flow supply fan. Air is supplied to the zones via VAV boxes. For each zone branch there is a reheat coil. VAV system can be used to model CV system by turning the Minimum Turndown Ratio to be 1.
- VAV Box damper heating reaction: reverse
- No Baseboard heating
- Hot Water Pump power: 21 W/gpm or 1.32 W/(L/s)
- RTU Fan Power: 1.64 W/cfm or 0.778 W/(L/s)
- Hot water pumps are VSD
- Night time operation: Cycle on any load
- No humidifier